The Resource Border security : immigration enforcement between ports of entry, Marc R. Rosenblum

Border security : immigration enforcement between ports of entry, Marc R. Rosenblum

Label
Border security : immigration enforcement between ports of entry
Title
Border security
Title remainder
immigration enforcement between ports of entry
Statement of responsibility
Marc R. Rosenblum
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Border enforcement is a core element of the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS's) effort to control illegal migration, with the U.S. Border Patrol (USBP) within the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP) as the lead agency along most of the border. Border enforcement has been an ongoing subject of congressional interest since the 1970s, when illegal immigration to the United States first registered as a serious national problem; and border security has received additional attention in the decade following the terrorist attacks of 2001. Since the 1990s, migration control at the border has been guided by a strategy of "prevention through deterrence"--The idea that the concentration of personnel, infrastructure, and surveillance technology along heavily trafficked regions of the border will discourage unauthorized aliens from attempting to enter the United States. Since 2005, CBP has attempted to discourage repeat entries and disrupt migrant smuggling networks by imposing tougher penalties against certain unauthorized aliens, a set of policies known as "enforcement with consequences." On one hand, robust investments at the border have been associated with a sharp drop in the number of aliens apprehended, especially in the sectors first targeted for enhanced enforcement. The number and proportion of people apprehended more than once (recidivists) and those with serious criminal records are also at the lowest levels ever recorded. On the other hand, overall illegal inflows continued to increase in the 20 years after 1986, with the estimated unauthorized population more than tripling, even after almost 3 million aliens were granted amnesty as part of IRCA. The only significant decrease in unauthorized migration appears to have occurred since 2007, and it is unclear how much of the drop-off is due to increased enforcement and how much is a result of the U.S. economic downturn and other systemic factors. At the same time, enhanced border enforcement may have contributed to a number of secondary costs and benefits. To the extent that border enforcement successfully deters illegal entries -- an effect that is also difficult to measure since deterrence ultimately involves decisions made in towns and villages far away from U.S. borders -- such enforcement may reduce border-area violence and migrant deaths, protect fragile border ecosystems, and improve the quality of life in border communities. But to the extent that aliens are not deterred, the concentration of enforcement resources on the border may increase border area violence and migrant deaths, encourage unauthorized migrants to find new ways to enter illegally and to remain in the United States for longer periods of time, damage border ecosystems, harm border-area businesses and the quality of life in border communities, and strain U.S. relations with Mexico and Canada. This report concludes by raising additional questions about future investments at the border, how to weigh such investments against other enforcement strategies, and the relationship between border enforcement and the broader debate about U.S. immigration policy
Member of
Cataloging source
AWC
http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/collectionName
HeinOnline Immigration Law & Policy in the U.S. Library
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Rosenblum, Marc R
Government publication
federal national government publication
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Library of Congress
Series statement
CRS report for Congress
Series volume
R42138
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Border security
  • United States
  • Border security
  • Emigration and immigration
  • United States
Label
Border security : immigration enforcement between ports of entry, Marc R. Rosenblum
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • Title from PDF title page (viewed on January 17, 2012)
  • "January 6, 2012."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
mixed
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Introduction -- Background
  • Border control strategy
  • Budget and resources
  • Enforcement outcomes
  • Unintended and secondary consequences of border enforcement
  • Legislative issues
  • Conclusion : understanding the costs and benefits of border enforcement between ports of entry
Control code
773036475
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (42 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
color illustrations
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)773036475
Label
Border security : immigration enforcement between ports of entry, Marc R. Rosenblum
Publication
Note
  • Title from PDF title page (viewed on January 17, 2012)
  • "January 6, 2012."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
mixed
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Introduction -- Background
  • Border control strategy
  • Budget and resources
  • Enforcement outcomes
  • Unintended and secondary consequences of border enforcement
  • Legislative issues
  • Conclusion : understanding the costs and benefits of border enforcement between ports of entry
Control code
773036475
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (42 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
color illustrations
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)773036475

Library Locations

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