The Resource Clear skies and the Clean Air Act : what's the difference?, Larry Parker, James E. McCarthy

Clear skies and the Clean Air Act : what's the difference?, Larry Parker, James E. McCarthy

Label
Clear skies and the Clean Air Act : what's the difference?
Title
Clear skies and the Clean Air Act
Title remainder
what's the difference?
Statement of responsibility
Larry Parker, James E. McCarthy
Title variation
CRS report for Congress
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
The 109th Congress, like the two before it, is expected to consider proposals to control emissions of multiple pollutants from electric power plants. The bills include an Administration-based proposal, the Clear Skies Act (S. 131), which would control emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and mercury, and other bills that would control the three pollutants plus the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. Much of the debate surrounding the Administration's Clear Skies proposal has focused on its cap-and-trade implementation scheme. But in some ways, the proposal's cap-and-trade provisions are its least significant aspects in terms of the proposal's interaction with the structure of the Clean Air Act. EPA has already promulgated regulations using a regional cap-and-trade program to control NOx emissions over the eastern United States (the "NOx SIP Call") under existing Clean Air Act authority, and has proposed other cap-and-trade regulations to achieve Clear Skies' level of reductions over 28 eastern states and the District of Columbia for both SO2 and NOx (in the Clean Air Interstate Rule). In addition, EPA has proposed cap and-trade regulations to achieve mercury reductions similar to those in Clear Skies, although the legality of these regulations is more questionable. Critical to the fabric of the Clean Air Act are the various provisions in Clear Skies to alter or to delete existing sections of the Act with respect to both electric generating units (EGUs) and industrial sources that choose to opt into the program. The Administration has made it clear that with Clear Skies' comprehensive approach to EGUs and opt-ins, it believes certain CAA provisions need no longer apply to them, in some cases permanently, in others for as long as 20 years or under certain conditions. These include most statutory requirements for Prevention of Significant Deterioration and attainment of National Ambient Air Quality Standards under Title I of the Act, as well as most controls on hazardous air pollutants as they apply to EGUs and opt-ins. These changes would diminish the suite of options states currently have to achieve compliance with air quality standards. In July 2001 testimony, then-EPA Administrator Whitman identified the central issue in Clear Skies' interaction with current law: Are the emission reduction targets stringent enough to permit the relaxing or removal of current provisions of the Clean Air Act designed to achieve the same thing with respect to electric utilities? EPA's analysis indicates that Clear Skies will not achieve either the 8-hour ozone or the fine particulate ambient air quality standards that the agency recently implemented within current CAA compliance deadlines. Some nonattainment areas will need additional controls and time to reach attainment. Clear Skies addresses these issues in part by providing 5 to 15 years of additional time, while effectively removing additional electric utility control from the suite of options available to states to achieve the standards. Similarly, with mercury, Clear Skies proposes relatively modest controls on electric utilities, and, as currently drafted, would effectively remove additional electric utility controls from the suite of options available to the states. The ability of industrial sources to opt into Clear Skies could further reduce state control options for both mercury and criteria pollutants. This report will not be updated
Member of
Cataloging source
EJB
http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/collectionName
HeinOnline U.S. Congressional Documents Library
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1954-2013
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Parker, Larry
Government publication
federal national government publication
Index
no index present
LC call number
Z663.6
LC item number
.C543 2005b ONLINE
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Library of Congress
Series statement
CRS report for Congress
Series volume
RL32782
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Air quality
  • Air
  • Atmospheric sulfur oxides
  • Atmospheric nitrous oxide
  • Atmospheric mercury
  • Air
  • Air quality
  • United States
Label
Clear skies and the Clean Air Act : what's the difference?, Larry Parker, James E. McCarthy
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • "February 25, 2005."
  • Title from title screen (viewed Aug. 20, 2007)
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
166141331
Extent
1 online resource (19 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)166141331
System details
Mode of access: Internet
Label
Clear skies and the Clean Air Act : what's the difference?, Larry Parker, James E. McCarthy
Publication
Note
  • "February 25, 2005."
  • Title from title screen (viewed Aug. 20, 2007)
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
166141331
Extent
1 online resource (19 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)166141331
System details
Mode of access: Internet

Library Locations

    • Pardee Legal Research CenterBorrow it
      5998 Alcalá Park, San Diego, CA, 92110-2492, US
      32.771471 -117.187496
Processing Feedback ...