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The Resource Comparing federal systems, Ronald L. Watts

Comparing federal systems, Ronald L. Watts

Label
Comparing federal systems
Title
Comparing federal systems
Statement of responsibility
Ronald L. Watts
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
  • There is much that can be learned by Canadians from the experience of federations elsewhere. At present there are twenty-four federations in the world -- representing over forty per cent of the world's population -- comprising a variety of forms and variations. In this updated second edition Ronald Watts provides a clear analysis of the design and operation of a sample of federations chosen for their relevance to Canadian issues
  • Countries studied include the United States, Switzerland, Australia, Austria, and Germany as examples of developed industrial societies; India and Malaysia as examples of multilingual and multicultural federations; Belgium and Spain as examples of emerging federal systems that illustrate bicommunal and asymmetrical approaches; and Czechoslovakia and Pakistan as examples of bicommunal federations that have failed. Watts compares the interaction of social diversity and political institutions, distribution of powers and finances, processes contributing to flexibility or rigidity in adjustment, extent of internal symmetry or asymmetry, degree of centralization and decentralization, character of representation in federal institutions, role of constitutions and courts, provisions for constitutional rights and secession, and pathology in federations
Cataloging source
CaOTU
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Watts, Ronald L.
Index
no index present
LC call number
JC355
LC item number
.W38 1999
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.)
  • Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.)
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Federal government
  • Comparative government
Label
Comparing federal systems, Ronald L. Watts
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Note
  • "Institute of Intergovernmental Relations, Queen's University" --Cover
  • Previously published under title: Comparing federal systems in the 1990s
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • 1.3.
  • The
  • Distribution of Revenue Powers
  • p. 43.
  • 4.3.
  • The
  • Allocation of Expenditure Powers
  • p. 44.
  • 4.4.
  • The
  • Issue of Vertical and Horizontal Imbalances
  • The
  • p. 45.
  • 4.5.
  • The
  • Role of Financial Transfers
  • p. 47.
  • 4.6.
  • Conditional or Unconditional Transfers
  • p. 48.
  • 4.7.
  • Equalization Transfers
  • Relevance of Federalism in the 1990s
  • p. 50.
  • 4.8.
  • Processes and Institutions for Adjusting Financial Arrangements
  • p. 53.
  • 5.
  • Processes for Flexibility and Adjustment in Federations
  • p. 57.
  • 5.1.
  • Importance of Processes for Intergovernmental Collaboration
  • p. 57.
  • p. 4.
  • 5.2.
  • Forms and Extent of Intergovernmental Relations
  • p. 57.
  • 5.3.
  • Other Devices for Flexibility and Adjustment in the Distribution of Powers
  • p. 59.
  • 5.4.
  • Cooperative versus Competitive Federalism
  • p. 60.
  • 5.5.
  • 1.4.
  • Implications for the Democratic Character of Federations
  • p. 61.
  • 6.
  • Symmetry and Asymmetry in Federations
  • p. 63.
  • 6.1.
  • Political and Constitutional Asymmetry Distinguished
  • p. 63.
  • 6.2.
  • Examples of Political Asymmetry
  • Definition of Terms and Principles of Federalism
  • p. 63.
  • 6.3.
  • Examples of Constitutional Asymmetry
  • p. 66.
  • 7.
  • Multilevel Federal Systems
  • p. 69.
  • 7.1.
  • The
  • Impact of Membership in Supra-federation Federal Organizations
  • p. 6.
  • p. 69.
  • 7.2.
  • The
  • Place of Local Governments
  • p. 70.
  • 8.
  • Degrees of Decentralization and Non-Centralization in Federations
  • p. 71.
  • 8.1.
  • Conceptual Issues in Measuring Decentralization and Relative Autonomy
  • 1.5.
  • p. 71.
  • Legislative Decentralization
  • p. 72.
  • Administrative Decentralization
  • p. 73.
  • Financial Decentralization
  • p. 73.
  • Decentralization to Non-governmental Agencies
  • p. 74.
  • Constitutional Limitations
  • Federal Societies, Constitutions and Governments
  • p. 75.
  • The
  • Character of Federal Decision Making
  • p. 75.
  • 8.2.
  • A
  • Comparative Assessment in Relation to Canada
  • p. 75.
  • 8.3.
  • Minimum Federal Powers
  • p. 14.
  • p. 80.
  • 9.
  • The
  • Representative Institutions of Federal Governments
  • p. 83.
  • 9.1.
  • The
  • Importance of Shared Federal Institutions as a Focus for Unity
  • p. 83.
  • 9.2.
  • 1.1.
  • 1.6.
  • Institutions Based on the Separation of Powers or Parliamentary Principles
  • p. 84.
  • 9.3.
  • The
  • Significance of These Forms for the Representativeness and Effectiveness of Federal Governments
  • p. 85.
  • 9.4.
  • The
  • Impact of Electoral Systems and Political Parties
  • p. 90.
  • Issues in the Design and Operation of Federations
  • 9.5.
  • The
  • Role of Federal Second Chambers
  • p. 92.
  • Bicameralism within Federations
  • p. 92.
  • Selection of Members
  • p. 92.
  • Basis of Regional Representation
  • p. 95.
  • p. 17.
  • Powers of Second Chambers Relative to the First Chamber
  • p. 96.
  • 10.
  • Constitutional Supremacy in Federations
  • p. 99.
  • 10.1.
  • The
  • Constitution as Supreme Law
  • p. 99.
  • 10.2.
  • 1.7.
  • Processes for Constitutional Adjudication and Judicial Review
  • p. 99.
  • 10.3.
  • Supreme Courts and Constitutional Courts
  • p. 100.
  • 10.4.
  • Constitutional Amendment Procedures
  • p. 101.
  • 10.5.
  • The
  • Criteria for the Selection of Federations Considered in this Study
  • Role of Constitutional Bills of Rights
  • p. 104.
  • 10.6.
  • Provisions for Formal Secession
  • p. 107.
  • 11.
  • The
  • Pathology of Federations
  • p. 109.
  • 11.1.
  • p. 18.
  • Significance of the Pathology of Federations
  • p. 109.
  • 11.2.
  • Sources of Stress
  • p. 110.
  • The
  • Distribution and Character of Internal Social Divisions
  • p. 110.
  • The
  • Role of the Institutions and Structures of Federations
  • 2.
  • p. 110.
  • Strategies Adopted to Combat Disintegration
  • p. 112.
  • Polarizing Political Processes
  • p. 112.
  • 11.3.
  • The
  • Special Problem of Bicommunal Federations
  • p. 113.
  • 11.4.
  • Overview of the Federations Compared in this Study
  • Processes and Consequences of Disintegration
  • p. 114.
  • 12.1.
  • Canada in Comparative Perspective
  • p. 117.
  • 12.2.
  • Implications for the Future Development of the Canadian Federation
  • p. 120.
  • Appendix a.
  • The
  • p. 21.
  • Distribution of Powers and Functions in Federations: A Comparative Overview
  • p. 125
  • 2.1.
  • The
  • Established Federations in Developed Countries
  • p. 21.
  • United States of America (1789)
  • p. 21.
  • Switzerland (1848)
  • p. 22.
  • Canada (1867)
  • p. 23.
  • Australia (1901)
  • p. 24.
  • Relevance of Comparisons
  • Austria (1920)
  • p. 25.
  • Germany (1949)
  • p. 26.
  • 2.2.
  • Selected Multilingual Federations in Developing Countries
  • p. 27.
  • India (1950)
  • p. 27.
  • Malaysia (1963)
  • p. 1.
  • p. 28.
  • 2.3.
  • Recently Emerged and Emerging Federations
  • p. 29.
  • Belgium (1993)
  • p. 29.
  • Spain (1978)
  • p. 30.
  • 2.4.
  • Bicommunal Federations That Have Separated
  • 1.2.
  • p. 31.
  • Czechoslovakia (1920-1992)
  • p. 31.
  • Pakistan (1947-1971)
  • p. 32.
  • 3.
  • The
  • Distribution of Powers in Federations
  • p. 35.
  • 3.1.
  • A
  • The
  • Issue of Balancing Unity and Diversity
  • p. 35.
  • 3.2.
  • Relationship between Distributions of Legislative and Executive Powers
  • p. 36.
  • 3.3.
  • Variations in the Form of the Distribution of Legislative Authority
  • p. 37.
  • Exclusive Legislative Powers
  • Brief History of Federalism
  • p. 37.
  • Concurrent Legislative Powers
  • p. 38.
  • Residual Powers
  • p. 39.
  • 3.4.
  • The
  • Scope of Legislative Powers Allocated
  • p. 40.
  • 3.5.
  • p. 2.
  • Distribution of Administrative Responsibilities
  • p. 41.
  • 4.
  • The
  • Distribution of Finances
  • p. 43.
  • 4.1.
  • Importance of the Allocation of Financial Resources
  • p. 43.
  • 4.2.
Control code
41978508
Dimensions
23 cm
Edition
2nd ed
Extent
xiv, 138 pages
Isbn
9780889118355
Lccn
cn 99931625
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Label
Comparing federal systems, Ronald L. Watts
Publication
Copyright
Note
  • "Institute of Intergovernmental Relations, Queen's University" --Cover
  • Previously published under title: Comparing federal systems in the 1990s
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • 1.3.
  • The
  • Distribution of Revenue Powers
  • p. 43.
  • 4.3.
  • The
  • Allocation of Expenditure Powers
  • p. 44.
  • 4.4.
  • The
  • Issue of Vertical and Horizontal Imbalances
  • The
  • p. 45.
  • 4.5.
  • The
  • Role of Financial Transfers
  • p. 47.
  • 4.6.
  • Conditional or Unconditional Transfers
  • p. 48.
  • 4.7.
  • Equalization Transfers
  • Relevance of Federalism in the 1990s
  • p. 50.
  • 4.8.
  • Processes and Institutions for Adjusting Financial Arrangements
  • p. 53.
  • 5.
  • Processes for Flexibility and Adjustment in Federations
  • p. 57.
  • 5.1.
  • Importance of Processes for Intergovernmental Collaboration
  • p. 57.
  • p. 4.
  • 5.2.
  • Forms and Extent of Intergovernmental Relations
  • p. 57.
  • 5.3.
  • Other Devices for Flexibility and Adjustment in the Distribution of Powers
  • p. 59.
  • 5.4.
  • Cooperative versus Competitive Federalism
  • p. 60.
  • 5.5.
  • 1.4.
  • Implications for the Democratic Character of Federations
  • p. 61.
  • 6.
  • Symmetry and Asymmetry in Federations
  • p. 63.
  • 6.1.
  • Political and Constitutional Asymmetry Distinguished
  • p. 63.
  • 6.2.
  • Examples of Political Asymmetry
  • Definition of Terms and Principles of Federalism
  • p. 63.
  • 6.3.
  • Examples of Constitutional Asymmetry
  • p. 66.
  • 7.
  • Multilevel Federal Systems
  • p. 69.
  • 7.1.
  • The
  • Impact of Membership in Supra-federation Federal Organizations
  • p. 6.
  • p. 69.
  • 7.2.
  • The
  • Place of Local Governments
  • p. 70.
  • 8.
  • Degrees of Decentralization and Non-Centralization in Federations
  • p. 71.
  • 8.1.
  • Conceptual Issues in Measuring Decentralization and Relative Autonomy
  • 1.5.
  • p. 71.
  • Legislative Decentralization
  • p. 72.
  • Administrative Decentralization
  • p. 73.
  • Financial Decentralization
  • p. 73.
  • Decentralization to Non-governmental Agencies
  • p. 74.
  • Constitutional Limitations
  • Federal Societies, Constitutions and Governments
  • p. 75.
  • The
  • Character of Federal Decision Making
  • p. 75.
  • 8.2.
  • A
  • Comparative Assessment in Relation to Canada
  • p. 75.
  • 8.3.
  • Minimum Federal Powers
  • p. 14.
  • p. 80.
  • 9.
  • The
  • Representative Institutions of Federal Governments
  • p. 83.
  • 9.1.
  • The
  • Importance of Shared Federal Institutions as a Focus for Unity
  • p. 83.
  • 9.2.
  • 1.1.
  • 1.6.
  • Institutions Based on the Separation of Powers or Parliamentary Principles
  • p. 84.
  • 9.3.
  • The
  • Significance of These Forms for the Representativeness and Effectiveness of Federal Governments
  • p. 85.
  • 9.4.
  • The
  • Impact of Electoral Systems and Political Parties
  • p. 90.
  • Issues in the Design and Operation of Federations
  • 9.5.
  • The
  • Role of Federal Second Chambers
  • p. 92.
  • Bicameralism within Federations
  • p. 92.
  • Selection of Members
  • p. 92.
  • Basis of Regional Representation
  • p. 95.
  • p. 17.
  • Powers of Second Chambers Relative to the First Chamber
  • p. 96.
  • 10.
  • Constitutional Supremacy in Federations
  • p. 99.
  • 10.1.
  • The
  • Constitution as Supreme Law
  • p. 99.
  • 10.2.
  • 1.7.
  • Processes for Constitutional Adjudication and Judicial Review
  • p. 99.
  • 10.3.
  • Supreme Courts and Constitutional Courts
  • p. 100.
  • 10.4.
  • Constitutional Amendment Procedures
  • p. 101.
  • 10.5.
  • The
  • Criteria for the Selection of Federations Considered in this Study
  • Role of Constitutional Bills of Rights
  • p. 104.
  • 10.6.
  • Provisions for Formal Secession
  • p. 107.
  • 11.
  • The
  • Pathology of Federations
  • p. 109.
  • 11.1.
  • p. 18.
  • Significance of the Pathology of Federations
  • p. 109.
  • 11.2.
  • Sources of Stress
  • p. 110.
  • The
  • Distribution and Character of Internal Social Divisions
  • p. 110.
  • The
  • Role of the Institutions and Structures of Federations
  • 2.
  • p. 110.
  • Strategies Adopted to Combat Disintegration
  • p. 112.
  • Polarizing Political Processes
  • p. 112.
  • 11.3.
  • The
  • Special Problem of Bicommunal Federations
  • p. 113.
  • 11.4.
  • Overview of the Federations Compared in this Study
  • Processes and Consequences of Disintegration
  • p. 114.
  • 12.1.
  • Canada in Comparative Perspective
  • p. 117.
  • 12.2.
  • Implications for the Future Development of the Canadian Federation
  • p. 120.
  • Appendix a.
  • The
  • p. 21.
  • Distribution of Powers and Functions in Federations: A Comparative Overview
  • p. 125
  • 2.1.
  • The
  • Established Federations in Developed Countries
  • p. 21.
  • United States of America (1789)
  • p. 21.
  • Switzerland (1848)
  • p. 22.
  • Canada (1867)
  • p. 23.
  • Australia (1901)
  • p. 24.
  • Relevance of Comparisons
  • Austria (1920)
  • p. 25.
  • Germany (1949)
  • p. 26.
  • 2.2.
  • Selected Multilingual Federations in Developing Countries
  • p. 27.
  • India (1950)
  • p. 27.
  • Malaysia (1963)
  • p. 1.
  • p. 28.
  • 2.3.
  • Recently Emerged and Emerging Federations
  • p. 29.
  • Belgium (1993)
  • p. 29.
  • Spain (1978)
  • p. 30.
  • 2.4.
  • Bicommunal Federations That Have Separated
  • 1.2.
  • p. 31.
  • Czechoslovakia (1920-1992)
  • p. 31.
  • Pakistan (1947-1971)
  • p. 32.
  • 3.
  • The
  • Distribution of Powers in Federations
  • p. 35.
  • 3.1.
  • A
  • The
  • Issue of Balancing Unity and Diversity
  • p. 35.
  • 3.2.
  • Relationship between Distributions of Legislative and Executive Powers
  • p. 36.
  • 3.3.
  • Variations in the Form of the Distribution of Legislative Authority
  • p. 37.
  • Exclusive Legislative Powers
  • Brief History of Federalism
  • p. 37.
  • Concurrent Legislative Powers
  • p. 38.
  • Residual Powers
  • p. 39.
  • 3.4.
  • The
  • Scope of Legislative Powers Allocated
  • p. 40.
  • 3.5.
  • p. 2.
  • Distribution of Administrative Responsibilities
  • p. 41.
  • 4.
  • The
  • Distribution of Finances
  • p. 43.
  • 4.1.
  • Importance of the Allocation of Financial Resources
  • p. 43.
  • 4.2.
Control code
41978508
Dimensions
23 cm
Edition
2nd ed
Extent
xiv, 138 pages
Isbn
9780889118355
Lccn
cn 99931625
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n

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