The Resource Endangered Species Act and legal issues regarding Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead, Nic Lane, Kristina Alexander, Eugene H. Buck

Endangered Species Act and legal issues regarding Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead, Nic Lane, Kristina Alexander, Eugene H. Buck

Label
Endangered Species Act and legal issues regarding Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead
Title
Endangered Species Act and legal issues regarding Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead
Statement of responsibility
Nic Lane, Kristina Alexander, Eugene H. Buck
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
The construction and operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) have reduced salmon and steelhead populations in the Columbia Basin. In 1991 the Snake River sockeye became the first Pacific salmon stock listed under the Endangered Species Act. Since then, operations of the FCRPS have had to be considered in the context of the ESA. This means that federal operators of the dams, the Bureau of Reclamation, the Bonneville Power Administration, and the Army Corps of Engineers farther upriver are required to consult with the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) on how federal actions may impact species. At the end of the consultation, NMFS issues a biological opinion (BiOp) as to whether the action would jeopardize the continued existence of a species. As part of the consultation process, mitigation measures are recommended by NMFS to avoid harm to listed species. Protective measures for fish often come at a cost in terms of energy generation or irrigation supply, and this conflict between natural resources and energy production and irrigation is at the heart of Columbia Basin conflict. Beginning in 1992, a series of BiOps were issued by NMFS. Courts have found almost all of them inconsistent with the ESA. The 2005 BiOp was remanded to NMFS with the final, updated BiOp released in May 2008. The district court that made the remand indicated that if the final document does not meet ESA standards, the court may vacate the BiOp. This step would mean that FCRPS was not operating in compliance with the ESA, and any harm to a listed species would be an unauthorized "take." The Bonneville Power Administration has offered nearly $1 billion to four Indian tribes to resolve the litigation. However, states, environmental groups, and fishing interests, who also have acted as plaintiffs, were not included in the settlement
Member of
Cataloging source
EJB
http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/collectionName
HeinOnline
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Lane, Nic
Government publication
federal national government publication
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Alexander, Kristina
  • Buck, Eugene H
  • Library of Congress
Series statement
  • CRS report for Congress
  • CRS report for Congress
Series volume
  • RL34453
  • RL34453
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Endangered species
  • Sockeye salmon
  • Pacific salmon
  • Steelhead (Fish)
  • Rainbow trout
  • Wildlife management
  • Endangered species
  • Pacific salmon
  • Rainbow trout
  • Sockeye salmon
  • Steelhead (Fish)
  • Wildlife management
  • United States
Label
Endangered Species Act and legal issues regarding Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead, Nic Lane, Kristina Alexander, Eugene H. Buck
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • Caption title
  • "Updated May 12, 2008."
  • Title from title screen (viewed July 7, 2008)
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
mixed
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
233536387
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (18 unnumbered pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)233536387
System details
  • Mode of access: Internet
  • System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader
Label
Endangered Species Act and legal issues regarding Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead, Nic Lane, Kristina Alexander, Eugene H. Buck
Publication
Note
  • Caption title
  • "Updated May 12, 2008."
  • Title from title screen (viewed July 7, 2008)
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
mixed
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
233536387
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (18 unnumbered pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)233536387
System details
  • Mode of access: Internet
  • System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader

Library Locations

    • Pardee Legal Research CenterBorrow it
      5998 Alcalá Park, San Diego, CA, 92110-2492, US
      32.771471 -117.187496
Processing Feedback ...