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The Resource On trial: the Implementation of Pakistan's blasphemy laws

On trial: the Implementation of Pakistan's blasphemy laws

Label
On trial: the Implementation of Pakistan's blasphemy laws
Title
On trial: the Implementation of Pakistan's blasphemy laws
Title variation
Implementation of Pakistan's blasphemy laws
Contributor
Author
Issuing body
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
"People accused of violating Pakistan's draconian 'blasphemy laws' face proceedings that are glaringly flawed, said the ICJ in a new report published today. 'Pakistan's blasphemy laws fly in the face of Pakistan's international legal obligations, including the duties to respect the rights of freedom of expression and freedom of religion and belief,' said Sam Zarifi, ICJ's Asia Director. 'But even worse, those facing accusations of blasphemy suffer through trials that are often fundamentally unfair.' In the 60-page report On Trial: the Implementation of Pakistan's Blasphemy Laws, the ICJ has documented in detail systematic and widespread fair trial violations in proceedings related to blasphemy offences in Pakistan, particularly in trial courts. Some of the problems documented in the report include: Intimidation and harassment of judges and lawyers that impede on the independence of the judiciary and the right to a defense; Demonstrable bias and prejudice against defendants by judges during the course of blasphemy proceedings and in judgments; Violations of the right to effective assistance of counsel; Rejection of bail and prolonged pre-trial detention; Incompetent investigation and prosecution that do not meet due diligence requirements under the law; The prosecution and detention of people living with mental disabilities; Inhumane conditions of detention and imprisonment, including prolonged solitary confinement. Pakistan's laws on 'offences related to religion'--sections 295-298-C of the Penal Code that are commonly known as 'blasphemy laws'--include a variety of crimes including misusing religious epithets, 'defiling' the Holy Quran, deliberately outraging religious sentiment, and using derogatory remarks in respect of the Prophet Muhammad. Sentences for these offences range from fines to long terms of imprisonment, and in the case of defamation of the Prophet Muhammad (section 295-C), a mandatory death sentence. 'Section 295 is a relic of the British colonial system that lends itself to human rights violations, including in Pakistan, India, Myanmar, and elsewhere,' Zarifi said. 'In Pakistan, General Zia-ul-Haq made additions to the laws that made them truly draconian.' Based on the analysis of over 100 judgments of the high courts and courts of first instance from 1986-2015 as well as interviews with defendants in blasphemy cases, their families, and defense counsel; judges, lawyers and police officials; and human rights activists, the report found: In 19 out of 25 cases under section 295-C (defamation of the Prophet Muhammad) studied by the ICJ, high courts have acquitted individuals convicted for blasphemy by trial courts. Glaring procedural irregularities and mala fide complaints are the grounds for acquittal on appeal in over 80 per cent of cases; Even in cases that ultimately result in acquittal, blasphemy proceedings suffer from undue delay--proceedings in trial courts can take on average three years, and appeals can take even longer, more than five years on average; Individuals accused of blasphemy under section 295-C are frequently denied bail even though they meet requirements under the law; Individuals detained pending trial or convicted for blasphemy are often kept in prolonged solitary confinement, at times, over a number of years. The report also confirms concerns recently raised by the Supreme Court of Pakistan that individuals accused of blasphemy 'suffer beyond proportion or repair', in the absence of adequate safeguards against misapplication or misuse of such blasphemy laws, the Geneva-based organization says. The ICJ has also made a number of recommendations to the Pakistani executive, legislative and judicial branches to address the defects in the framing of the blasphemy laws as well as of the shortcomings at the investigative, prosecutorial, procedural, administrative and judicial levels highlighted in the report to minimize the misuse of the blasphemy laws and ensure that those accused of blasphemy have a fair chance at defending themselves. 'It's time Pakistan and other countries got rid of these noxious laws, which continue to stifle freedom of expression and freedom of religion or belief, and instead promote extremism and intolerance,' Zarifi added."--
Member of
Assigning source
Publisher press release
Cataloging source
DOS
http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/collectionName
HeinOnline
Index
no index present
LC call number
KPL4172
LC item number
.O5 2015eb ONLINE
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
International Commission of Jurists (1952- ),
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Blasphemy
  • Freedom of religion
  • Freedom of speech
  • Due process of law
  • Fair trial
  • Blasphemy
  • Due process of law
  • Fair trial
  • Freedom of religion
  • Freedom of speech
  • Pakistan
Label
On trial: the Implementation of Pakistan's blasphemy laws
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Note
"November 2015."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • NATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK
  • FEDERAL AND PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTS
  • SUPREME COURT AND PROVINCIAL HIGH COURTS
  • JUDGES
  • THE BAR
  • 3.1.
  • FAIR TRIAL
  • 3.2.
  • OFFENCES RELATED TO RELIGION
  • 3.3.
  • PERMISSION (SANCTION)
  • 3.4.
  • INVESTIGATION
  • 3.5.
  • METHODOLOGY AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REQUIREMENT OF A MUSLIM PRESIDING JUDGE
  • 3.6.
  • THE FEDERAL SHARIAT COURT JUDGMENT ON SECTION 295-C
  • 3.7.
  • ANTI-TERRORISM ACT, 1997
  • 4.
  • INTERNATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK
  • 4.1.
  • FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION
  • 4.2.
  • 1.
  • FREEDOM OF RELIGION, THOUGHT, CONSCIENCE AND BELIEF
  • 4.3.
  • EQUAL PROTECTION OF THE LAW
  • 4.4.
  • RIGHT TO LIFE AND THE DEATH PENALTY
  • 4.5.
  • THE RIGHT TO A FAIR TRIAL
  • 4.5.1.
  • PRINCIPLE OF LEGALITY
  • 4.5.2.
  • INTRODUCTION
  • INDEPENDENT AND IMPARTIAL TRIBUNALS
  • 4.5.3.
  • RIGHTS TO DEFEND AND TO ASSISTANCE OF A LAWYER
  • 4.5.4.
  • THE DUTIES OF PROSECUTORS
  • 4.5.5.
  • THE RIGHT TO LIBERTY AND PRESUMPTION OF RELEASE AND BAIL
  • 4.5.6.
  • TRIAL WITHIN A REASONABLE TIME
  • 4.5.7.
  • 2.
  • CONDITIONS OF DETENTION AND IMPRISONMENT
  • 4.5.7.1.
  • THE RIGHT TO PRIVATE AND FAMILY LIFE
  • 5.
  • VIOLATION OF RIGHTS--BLASPHEMY PROSECUTIONS IN PAKISTAN
  • 5.1.
  • LEGALITY AND THE DOCTRINE OF VAGUENESS
  • 5.2.
  • INTENTION AND THE PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE
  • 5.3.
  • BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT
  • INDEPENDENT AND IMPARTIAL COURTS
  • 5.3.1.
  • TRIAL BEFORE AN INDEPENDENT COURT
  • 5.3.2.
  • TRIAL BEFORE AN IMPARTIAL COURT
  • 5.4.
  • RIGHT TO DEFEND ONESELF AND THE EFFECTIVE ASSISTANCE OF COUNSEL
  • 5.4.1.
  • RISKS AND CHALLENGES FACED BY LAWYERS
  • 5.4.2.
  • 2.1.
  • EFFECTIVE ASSISTANCE OF COUNSEL
  • 5.4.2.1.
  • REPORTS OF UNETHICAL CONDUCT BY LAWYERS
  • 5.4.2.2.
  • REPORTS OF INEFFECTIVE ASSISTANCE OF COUNSEL
  • 5.4.2.3.
  • COUNSEL APPOINTED BY THE STATE
  • 5.4.3.
  • JAIL TRIALS AND IN CAMERA PROCEEDINGS
  • 5.5.
  • AMENDMENTS DURING GENERAL ZIA-UL-HAQ'S REGIME
  • BAIL AND THE PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE
  • 5.5.1.
  • STATUTORY BAIL IN CASES OF DELAY
  • 5.6.
  • TRIAL WITHOUT UNDUE DELAY
  • 5.7.
  • CAPACITY AND COMPETENCY
  • 5.7.1.
  • FAILURE TO APPLY THE LAW
  • 5.8.
  • 3.
  • CONDITIONS OF DETENTION AND IMPRISONMENT
  • 5.8.1.
  • SECURITY OF DETAINEES
  • 5.8.2.
  • SOLITARY CONFINEMENT/ISOLATION
  • 5.8.3.
  • RIGHT TO PRIVATE AND FAMILY LIFE
  • 6.
  • CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  • PARLIAMENT
Control code
961274646
Extent
1 online resource (61 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789290372141
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)961274646
Label
On trial: the Implementation of Pakistan's blasphemy laws
Publication
Copyright
Note
"November 2015."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • NATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK
  • FEDERAL AND PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTS
  • SUPREME COURT AND PROVINCIAL HIGH COURTS
  • JUDGES
  • THE BAR
  • 3.1.
  • FAIR TRIAL
  • 3.2.
  • OFFENCES RELATED TO RELIGION
  • 3.3.
  • PERMISSION (SANCTION)
  • 3.4.
  • INVESTIGATION
  • 3.5.
  • METHODOLOGY AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • REQUIREMENT OF A MUSLIM PRESIDING JUDGE
  • 3.6.
  • THE FEDERAL SHARIAT COURT JUDGMENT ON SECTION 295-C
  • 3.7.
  • ANTI-TERRORISM ACT, 1997
  • 4.
  • INTERNATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK
  • 4.1.
  • FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION
  • 4.2.
  • 1.
  • FREEDOM OF RELIGION, THOUGHT, CONSCIENCE AND BELIEF
  • 4.3.
  • EQUAL PROTECTION OF THE LAW
  • 4.4.
  • RIGHT TO LIFE AND THE DEATH PENALTY
  • 4.5.
  • THE RIGHT TO A FAIR TRIAL
  • 4.5.1.
  • PRINCIPLE OF LEGALITY
  • 4.5.2.
  • INTRODUCTION
  • INDEPENDENT AND IMPARTIAL TRIBUNALS
  • 4.5.3.
  • RIGHTS TO DEFEND AND TO ASSISTANCE OF A LAWYER
  • 4.5.4.
  • THE DUTIES OF PROSECUTORS
  • 4.5.5.
  • THE RIGHT TO LIBERTY AND PRESUMPTION OF RELEASE AND BAIL
  • 4.5.6.
  • TRIAL WITHIN A REASONABLE TIME
  • 4.5.7.
  • 2.
  • CONDITIONS OF DETENTION AND IMPRISONMENT
  • 4.5.7.1.
  • THE RIGHT TO PRIVATE AND FAMILY LIFE
  • 5.
  • VIOLATION OF RIGHTS--BLASPHEMY PROSECUTIONS IN PAKISTAN
  • 5.1.
  • LEGALITY AND THE DOCTRINE OF VAGUENESS
  • 5.2.
  • INTENTION AND THE PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE
  • 5.3.
  • BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT
  • INDEPENDENT AND IMPARTIAL COURTS
  • 5.3.1.
  • TRIAL BEFORE AN INDEPENDENT COURT
  • 5.3.2.
  • TRIAL BEFORE AN IMPARTIAL COURT
  • 5.4.
  • RIGHT TO DEFEND ONESELF AND THE EFFECTIVE ASSISTANCE OF COUNSEL
  • 5.4.1.
  • RISKS AND CHALLENGES FACED BY LAWYERS
  • 5.4.2.
  • 2.1.
  • EFFECTIVE ASSISTANCE OF COUNSEL
  • 5.4.2.1.
  • REPORTS OF UNETHICAL CONDUCT BY LAWYERS
  • 5.4.2.2.
  • REPORTS OF INEFFECTIVE ASSISTANCE OF COUNSEL
  • 5.4.2.3.
  • COUNSEL APPOINTED BY THE STATE
  • 5.4.3.
  • JAIL TRIALS AND IN CAMERA PROCEEDINGS
  • 5.5.
  • AMENDMENTS DURING GENERAL ZIA-UL-HAQ'S REGIME
  • BAIL AND THE PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE
  • 5.5.1.
  • STATUTORY BAIL IN CASES OF DELAY
  • 5.6.
  • TRIAL WITHOUT UNDUE DELAY
  • 5.7.
  • CAPACITY AND COMPETENCY
  • 5.7.1.
  • FAILURE TO APPLY THE LAW
  • 5.8.
  • 3.
  • CONDITIONS OF DETENTION AND IMPRISONMENT
  • 5.8.1.
  • SECURITY OF DETAINEES
  • 5.8.2.
  • SOLITARY CONFINEMENT/ISOLATION
  • 5.8.3.
  • RIGHT TO PRIVATE AND FAMILY LIFE
  • 6.
  • CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  • PARLIAMENT
Control code
961274646
Extent
1 online resource (61 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789290372141
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)961274646

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